Kaitlin Dickson December 14, 2020 Alphabet Worksheet
The Phoenician alphabet is acrophonic meaning each letter represents the initial sound of the name of the letter. For example, the last letter in the Phoenician is called "taw" or "tah" (meaning mark) and led to our current letter T with the same sound. The Greeks adapted that alphabet in the eighth century BC by adding vowels. The Etruscans borrowed the Greek alphabet which was later adopted by the Romans. These early scripts were most frequently written by pressing or scratching a stylus into a soft clay tablet which was then allowed to harden. By the first century BC, the Romans had developed several scripts. There was a cursive hand which could be quickly scratched into a wax tablet or written with a reed pen on paper made of papyrus. There was also a script called the Imperial Capital which was carved in stone and survives on monuments and buildings from the time. This script was also written using a brush on paper. All subsequent Western scripts have evolved from the Roman letters, in fact the Imperial Capital script serves as the basis for our modern capital letters.
I have considered that alphabet is a result of visual refinement. However, in its thousands of years history, albeit undergoing changes, Chinese didnt develop into alphabet. Characters <1> remain complex over thousands of years development. Major simplification process hadnt occurred until last century. Number of characters was increasing. The question is: why did simplification occur so late? What kept Chinese characters complex for thousands of years? Was legibility principle not taking effect on Chinese system? It should. There should be something that prevented Chinese from developing into alphabet. Lets elaborate the concept of legibility.
Interestingly, the letter J started as a swash character for the last i at the end of Roman numerals after a series of I characters (for example, xviij meaning 23). It wasnt until 1524 that the letter J was given a distinctive usage in a treatise written by Gian Giorgio Trissino (1478-1550). The first English-language book to use the letter J in its new role was published in 1634. The letter U is one of several letters derived from the Phoenician letter "waw". The Romans used the V and Y from "waw". Then during the late Middle Ages, two forms of "v" developed. The pointed form "v" was written at the beginning of a word, while a rounded form "u" was used in the middle or end, regardless of sound. So the words valor and excuse appeared as in modern printing, but the words "have" and "upon" were printed haue and vpon. The first distinction between the letters "u" and "v" is recorded in a Gothic alphabet from 1386, where "v" preceded "u". By the mid-16th century, the "v" form was used to represent the consonant and "u" the vowel sound. The capital letter for "U" was not accepted until many years later.
When symbols are arranged vertically, each symbol grows internally in accordance with the larger horizontal visual span then turns to next symbol. Conflict between text direction and stronger visual direction exists. Symbols are restricted into blocks, leading to logographic system. Top-down reading failed to lead to simplification of Chinese characters. On the contrary, characters were allowed to go more complex (Simple characters were also allowed to exist). The limit of complexity is constrained by recognizability during reading. Although characters failed to simplify, by utilizing horizontal visual span, one can maximize the amount of visual info-being-read while maintaining sufficient acuity. Although characters are read as units, internal detail is needed to recognize a character and distinguish between characters. Characters are composed of smaller structural units, such as strokes and radicals, which are not as standardized as alphabets do. There is also no standardized order of combining them since visual span goes to any direction inside a character frame. Not towards alphabet, Chinese characters did evolve into their modern form that facilitates reading. They are square-shaped with to-some-extent standardized components and rules for their formation.
Other activities for kindergarten include jigsaw puzzles. There are also worksheets that teach children about some biblical characters, and how to help a community. These activities are not limited to individual work. There are also worksheets that require a group effort to finish the task. This way, children learn to work in a team. This is a very effective group activity in helping them realize the importance of cooperation and teamwork. At a young age, kids are first taught to write letters in print only. When kids reach the age of eight to ten, they are taught how to write in cursive. They may find this quite difficult and boring at first. But one fun way to teach them this is to use worksheets also.
The Greek alphabet is the first real alphabet and it is also the predecessor of the Latin alphabet. The early forms of this alphabet are written with the use of a syllabary. Also, it is adapted from the Phoenician alphabet with changes in the use of letters. The original alphabet only contains 24 letters. In Phoenician, the letters used were named after an object whose name started with that letter. Nowadays, there are a lot of alphabets that are being used today that were developed from the Greek alphabet. You can also find Greek letters that appear outside of the written Greek language in some forums such as mathematics and fraternity names.