Britney Warner December 14, 2020 Alphabet Worksheet
Another important contribution of the Romans came in the fourth century AD when someone came up with the idea of cutting the scrolls that had been in use until then, into oblong strips and then sewing the strips together down one side to form the first books. The advantage of a book is the ability to easily access information without unrolling an entire scroll. Early cuneiform letters are combinations of straight lines. Later, circles and arcs were included as the means to draw them became available. The Etruscan alphabet had 20 letters. The earliest Roman (Latin) alphabet had 21 letters. By the end of the Roman era, the letter Y and Z from the Greek letters Upsilon and Zeta had been added for a total of 23 letters. Then in medieval times the letters J, U, and W were added to bring the total to the 26 letters of the modern alphabet.
In the initial stages you are only required to start with learning and mugging up the shapes and sounds of the alphabet. You may not worry about writing the alphabet till you have mastered the shapes and sounds of all the alphabets and some typical words that are often used in the language. As in English language Arabic also has a song that can be used to learn the alphabets easily. Even though this seems to be a childish method of learning the language, you have to start in a way akin to children when they first learn their mother tongue. There are no vowels in Arabic language but analogous to English vowels there are alphabets in Arabic that serves similar purpose and helps in determining the pronunciation of different words in Arabic. Mentioned earlier, the symbols that are placed above and below the character act as the vowel and determine how the word or the alphabet is suppose to sound. Kasr-aa is one of these symbols that is notated as slanted lines beneath some letters. Fat-haa is another such symbol that is placed above a letter. When these symbols are encountered a sound is added to the letter.
Knowledge representation is achieved by growth of text. With respect to a symbol, text grows in two ways: internal growth and external growth. Through internal growth, a symbol becomes more complex. External growth is sequential combination of symbols into bigger linguistic units. Reading involves moving visual fixation from symbol to symbol. When a sequence of symbols is read, symbols next to the fixated are of interested. External growth of text is mainly in the forward direction as eyes strive to take them in. Competition exists between internal and external growths. When reading direction is same as larger visual span direction (horizontal), external growth is promoted. When reading direction is same as smaller visual span direction (vertical), internal growth is promoted.
Create artwork with your children. While fingerpainting a flower, you might help the child fingerpaint the letter "F" for flower. Guide your childs hand in forming letter shapes to imitate those seen on alphabet blocks and such, or paint a letter and work it into a design. Create letters in paint and in clay, carve them into bars of soap, draw them in crayon, scratch them in the sand at the beach, form letters in shaving cream on the bathroom mirror - use whatever is at hand to create spontaneous moments of joyful sharing with your child. Variety of media, times of day, and places will keep it all fresh and fun and reduce the risk of boredom. Learning should not be dull or tedious. Its a key part of life and there should be no arbitrary boundaries between daily life, learning and play. (Also, beyond the immediate goal of promoting alphabet skills, positive learning experiences at an early age can make learning, itself, an exciting opportunity for discovery and feelings of accomplishment. Self-affirming early learning experiences help children start school with more positive attitudes that can affect their success in school... and in life.)
People have probably lived on the earth about 2 million years. But the story of world history began only about 5,500 years ago with the invention of alphabet. Since then, humans historys book turn to a new page. The history of the alphabet started in ancient Egypt about 3,500 B.C. Most alphabet letters began as a simplified version of ancient drawings of animals, objects, or signs. But sign and picture writing was too slow for the business world so people developed an alphabet in which only symbols were used. Each symbol represented one sound, and several were combined to make the sounds of one word. The alphabet was perfected by the Romans in about 114 A.D with 26 letters which now are called the Roman alphabet or the Latin alphabet.
But, like most Oriental peoples, they wrote from right to left. When the Greeks took their alphabet, they changed the direction of writing and wrote from left to right as we do today. In doing this, they turned the letters around. You can see, in the first article in this encyclopedia-the article on the letter A-how we got our present letter by the turning around of the ancient letters. The exact form of our capital letters was developed chiefly by the ancient Romans. Our small letters, and our handwriting, were developed because with them it is possible to write faster. The English alphabet, like other alphabets that are used throughout the world, is very far from perfect. There are many people who are anxious to change it so that it will be easier to tell how a word should be pronounced the first time you read it. Reading is more difficult when a single letter, such as A, can be pronounced in six different ways. Still, the modern alphabet is one of the greatest works of the human mind, and has been at least as responsible as anything else man has done for the growth of civilization.